A Complete and Exhaustive Guide to Hurricanes – part one
A bit of history first…hurricanes derive their name from the Caribbean God of Evil known as Hurican and to the old mariners a hurricane must have appeared like some serious evil being churned from the depths of the ocean. Hurricanes cause severe damage on land and at the same time they are a deadly scare for ocean-going vessels.
Many lives have been lost and damage done because of inaccurate forecasting. With technological development there is a far greater awareness of how a hurricane forms and functions. Today we have a better idea of the structure of a hurricane, its movements, etc.
This information helps us in issuing relevant storm warnings early thereby preventing loss of life and property. At sea, it enables authorities to route ships along safe passages and avoid the hurricane zones at particular times of the year.
A hurricane is born in tropical waters. A tropical wave is born of the trade winds off the coast of Africa. In the hurricane season, around 60 such waves make their way into the tropical North Atlantic. It is here that there are chances of a tropical cyclone forming.
A tropical disturbance is a weather system that can be around 300 miles in diameter; these can migrate in any direction and preserve their form and momentum for around 24 hours or more.
A tropicaldisturbancecandevelopinto a tropicaldepression and this can quickly become a tropical cyclone when wind speeds are in a range of 34 knots to 63 knots. When the wind speeds of such systems exceed 64 knots, it gets classified as a hurricane. In the Pacific region, such a system is called a typhoon and is termed a cyclone in the Indian Ocean.
Hurricanes are categorized by the Saffir-Simpson scale according to their wind speeds. The scale categorizes the storms from one to five in increasing order. It should not be assumed that a Category One storm will always cause less damage than a Category Five storm. A lot depends on the angle at which the storm approaches, the situation of the tide, the area where the hurricane makes landfall, etc.
Often hurricanes that have low wind speeds lead to far severe storms and floods. A hurricane with a wind speed of 64 – 82 knots is a category one hurricane; it is capable of damaging unanchored mobile homes, shrubs, trees, cause coastal flooding. It does not do any great damage to building structures.
A category two hurricane can touch wind speeds of around 83 – 95 knots. At this speed it is severe enough to damage roofing material, doors, and windows. Coastal and inland vegetation suffers. Unprotected vessels in piers can be damaged.
A hurricane that arrives with wind speeds of 93 – 113 knots is a category three hurricane and is powerful enough to destroy mobile homes, cause structural damage to buildings, cause large scale coastal and inland flooding, and bring heavy rains with it.
A category four hurricane arrives with wind speeds of 114 – 135 knots and cause severe beach erosion in coastal areas; roofing of small homes can fail completely. Flooding can occur well inland leading to landslides and flash floods. Serious damage to fresh-water and marine flora and fauna.
When wind speeds exceed 135 knots we have a category five hurricane on our hands; this one can cause not just roof failure but complete structural failure of several buildings, particularly the smaller structures. There is serious inland flooding and the lower floors of buildings in the coastal areas can get badly flooded.
You have a great product. The way you shipped it in a big box was so nice.
I was so impressed. Attached is a picture of the installed shutters. It was a pleasure to install these Rolling shutters. You guys make it so easy. Thanks again!!
Rodney D. - June - 2019 - Sable, Texas I received the Bahama Shutters. Thank you for the quick shipment and for including one put together already so I know how they go up.Your company service is wonderful and I already have neighbors asking where I got them.
Larry A. - March - 2019 - San Diego, California I am writing this email to say Thank You to everyone at Empire. I have just finished installing the rolling and accoridon shutters you shipped to me on order 26692.The quality of your product is excellent, and your delivery was shorter than expected. The care that was taken by the people that packaged my shutters is above and beyond, and greatly appreciated. The patience Michael Joiner and his sales team showed me over the weeks I was debating what kind of shutters to by, and from whom, was also greatly appreciated. I would be happy to be a reference here on the West Coast if you should ever want one. -Larry
Mark P. - February - 2019 - St. Croix. U.S. Virgin Islands Thanks Empire Construction! Job well done with no issues. I really appreciate purchasing your products. I'm also looking forward to doing more business with you guys in the future. You guys are the best!!
Judy S. – January – 2019 - Cocoa Beach, Florida
Thanks so much for all your help!! My husband is thrilled with the Rolling Shutters and they look great.
Guven Y. – January – 2019 – Malabar, Florida
Thank you very much for everything. All of the Bahama Shutters have been hung and they all look great! They are very quality work and I am getting a lot of inquiries about them.Thanks again.
Gerald B – December – 2018 - Mattapoisett, Massachusetts
The Rolling Shutters are up and running and fit perfectly. They appear to be a very high quality product.
Jan T – November – 2018 – Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida Barbara,I just wanted to tell you the storm panels went up very nicely and you sent me all the proper panels. I'll be ordering the panels for the rest of the house after the holidays. Thank you again for your assistance and it was a pleasure working with you.
Mike G. - October - 2018 - Port Charlotte, Florida
Excellent Product! Thank you Ryan. Please pass my thanks along to Bill and the rest of the team as well. I am really impressed with the system we received. Thank you all for continuing that quality product with good support.
Robert H. - September - 2018 - Beaufort, South Carolina
My Accordion Shutters are up! The windows took about 1.5 hours each. The shutters all fit very nicely, the material and finish is excellent, and they look very good. They are not intrusive at all. I am pleased, my wife is pleased ( you know that is important) and my neighbor, who helped me was impressed based upon his window/door experience. Good job! Thanks.
Marcus J. - August - 2018 - St. John, U.S Virgin Islands Hello everyone at Empire, Marcus from St. John here. This project is being done by me and 1 helper, and we're going back much stronger, with many more tap cons, and wedge anchors than the original installers had done. Your rolling shutters are amazing, great quality and workmanship. Everything is going great so far!
David G. - July - 2018 - Sarasota, Florida
We wanted to self-install so we bought accordions and roll downs from Empire Construction.We measured our window and patio and sent Empire the specs.The shutters were an exact match.Installation is very doable for two reasonably mechanical people. In this case it was only one mechanical person and some extra hands. The accordions were a breeze as installation was mostly marking holes for spots, drilling holes, and screwing them in.Our accordions have locking pins that hold them open and act as a second lock when closed. Even if a projectile breaks the lock the rods will keep the shutters closed.These shutters are Bertha HV1. They are High Velocity Hurricane Zone Approved. Having seen a wide range of shutters we are extremely happy with the quality of the product we received!!
Jim J. - June - 2018 - Homestead , Florida
I installed fourteen aluminum accordion shutters which I purchased from Empire Construction.I could not be happier with my choice.The shutters are made very well and are powder-coated.The purchase included all of the required hardware which was powder-coated to match the shutters.The company is very customer-oriented.Michael and his staff were wonderful.They were attentive, helpful, and a delight to work with.The installation video on the website made the installation very easy.I highly recommend Empire Construction to anyone considering a purchase of hurricane shutters. Thanks again. Please say Hi to everyone,
Steffan L. - May - 2018 - St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, Florida
I picked up my shipment today at Paradise freight here on St Croix. Your shipping (and your products) deserves the highest rating. Thanks for excellent service..